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Setting Web.Config file for MVC project
By Big | Mar 2, 2015 | In Tutorials | Total Views [ 12228 ]
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In previous part of tutorial you saw how to register Bundle, Route and Filters in Global.asax file. We are just one step behind setting up MVC project. In this part of tutorial you will see setting up necessary configurations in web.config file in application.

Introduction

In MVC project you will find two web.config files - One in root path and another in Views folder.  Let's see one by one about these files with its uses in MVC application.

Adding Web.config files

Web.config file at root path will serve similar as in other project type. It contains all the necessary configuration details like Connection, Authentication etc. Web.config file in Views folder contains setting related to MVC type like RazorFactory, HandlersPage Directives etc.

Adding web.config file at root folder

To add web.config file in your project follow below steps.

1) Right Click folder > Click Add > Add Item..

2) Select Web tab > Web Configuration File > Click Add

Put this code to web.config file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!--
  For more information on how to configure your ASP.NET application, please visit
  http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=169433
  -->
<configuration>
  <system.web>
    <compilation debug="true" targetFramework="4.5" />
    <httpRuntime targetFramework="4.5" />
  </system.web>
  <connectionStrings></connectionStrings>
 
  <runtime>
    <assemblyBinding xmlns="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:asm.v1">
      <dependentAssembly>
        <assemblyIdentity name="WebGrease" publicKeyToken="31bf3856ad364e35" culture="neutral" />
        <bindingRedirect oldVersion="0.0.0.0-1.5.2.14234" newVersion="1.5.2.14234" />
      </dependentAssembly>
    </assemblyBinding>
  </runtime>
</configuration>

Adding web.config file in Views folder

Add web.config file in Views folder as above and copy below code to the file.

<?xml version="1.0"?>

<configuration>
  <configSections>
    <sectionGroup name="system.web.webPages.razor" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorWebSectionGroup, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35">
      <section name="host" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.HostSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
      <section name="pages" type="System.Web.WebPages.Razor.Configuration.RazorPagesSection, System.Web.WebPages.Razor, Version=3.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" requirePermission="false" />
    </sectionGroup>
  </configSections>

  <system.web.webPages.razor>
    <host factoryType="System.Web.Mvc.MvcWebRazorHostFactory, System.Web.Mvc, Version=5.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=31BF3856AD364E35" />
    <pages pageBaseType="System.Web.Mvc.WebViewPage">
      <namespaces>
        <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc" />
        <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Html" />
        <add namespace="System.Web.Mvc.Ajax" />
        <add namespace="System.Web.Optimization"/>
        <add namespace="System.Web.Routing" />
      </namespaces>
    </pages>
  </system.web.webPages.razor>

  <appSettings>
    <add key="webpages:Enabled" value="false" />
  </appSettings>

  <system.webServer>
    <handlers>
      <remove name="BlockViewHandler"/>
      <add name="BlockViewHandler" path="*" verb="*" preCondition="integratedMode" type="System.Web.HttpNotFoundHandler" />
    </handlers>
  </system.webServer>
</configuration>

You will find a Page tag where you can add assembly references to  be used by views. Now try to run your project and you are done.

You have created your MVC project.

<< Register Bundle, Route and Filters in Global.asax file in MVC

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About the Author

Big
Rahul Jha (Big)
Founder, Developer dotnet-concept.com
Has working experience in different phases of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) in CMS, Gaming, Health Care and Financial Services domain using Agile pattern. Working experience in Design patterns, ASP.NET, MVC, Windows application, WCF, ADO.NET, SQL Server and Test Driven Development (TDD) environment with JQuery, JavaScript, N-Unit, Entity Frameworks, LINQ, Code Refactoring and Business Objects Models.

 
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