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Getting started with Dependency Injection in Startup.cs in .Net Core
By Rahul Kumar Jha | Jul 23, 2020 | In Articles | Update: Aug 12, 2020 | Total Views [ 4101 ]
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In this article, you will learn about implementing Dependency Injection in Startup.cs in .Net Core.

Introduction

This article demostrate Dependecy Injection (DI) in Startup.cs in .Net Core. Here for demo purpose, one factory class, database context and a manager class has been created. Let see one by one.

MyDBContext class

We created a demo db context and named "MyDBContext"

public class MyDBContext { }

Factory class

Let's create IFactory interface and Factory class. For now, no method has been added and that can be added later. Initialize constructor and add dbcontext and logger object.

public interface IFactory
{
//method signature here
}
public class Factory : IFactory
{
ILogger _logger;
MyDBContext _dbContext;
public Factory(MyDBContext dbContext, ILogger<Factory> logger)
{
_logger = logger;
_dbContext = dbContext;
}
}

Manager class

Now create a manager class and initialize constructor. Add factory and logger object.

public interface IManager
{
//Signature here
}
public class Manager : IManager
{
ILogger _logger;
IFactory _factory;
public Manager(IFactory factory, ILogger<Manager> logger)
{
_logger = logger;
_factory = factory;
}
}

Startup class

Now go to Startup.cs class and add below code in Configuration method.

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{
services.AddSingleton<IFactory, Factory>(sp =>
{
var logger = sp.GetRequiredService<ILogger<Factory>>();
var dbContext = sp.GetRequiredService<MyDBContext>();
return new Factory(dbContext, logger);
});
services.AddTransient<IManager, Manager>(sp =>
{
var factory = sp.GetRequiredService<IFactory>();
var logger = sp.GetRequiredService<ILogger<Manager>>();
return new Manager(factory, logger);
});
}

Another way to define is that simply add all dependecy constructors like below.

using Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{

var connectionString = Configuration["DbContext:CONNECTION_STRING"];
services.AddDbContext<MyDBContext>(opts => opts.UseNpgsql(connectionString), ServiceLifetime.Transient);
services.AddTransient(typeof(ILogger<>), typeof(Logger<>));
services.AddTransient<IFactory, Factory>();
services.AddTransient<IManager, Manager>();
}

Here connection string for database is defined in appsettings.json fileHope this helps you.

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About the Author

Rahul Kumar Jha
Rahul Kumar Jha
Founder, Developer dotnet-concept.com

Public profile: user/profile/99900001


Has working experience in different phases of Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) in CMS, Gaming, Health Care and Financial Services domain using Agile pattern. Working experience in Design patterns, ASP.NET, MVC, ANGULAR, ANGULAR JS, Windows application, WCF, ADO.NET, SQL Server and Test Driven Development (TDD) environment with JQuery, JavaScript, N-Unit, Entity Frameworks, LINQ, Code Refactoring and Business Objects Models.

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